According to the journal Diabetologia, a man’s predisposition for heart disease is due to his body fat distribution, elevated harmful cholesterol levels in the blood, and the glucose-insulin levels that have been associated with myocardial infarction or heart attack.
Physicians often recommend basic yet effective dietary and lifestyle modification. Otherwise, oral medications may be indicated. In advanced stages of heart disease, surgery may be warranted.
Derailed brain signals
According to the AHA, a stroke or cerebrovascular disease is the third leading cause of death worldwide. With age, the risk for having a stroke increases. In men, however, the prevalence of stroke is higher at younger ages—before 40 years old.
The Mayo Clinic describes a stroke as a result of reduction or interruption in the blood supply to the brain, caused by a blocked or damaged artery leading to a deprivation of oxygen and nutrients. This deprivation may be temporary or permanent; 25 percent of stroke cases are fatal.
Although men are eight percent more likely to die from a stroke episode than women, and 90 percent more likely to experience complications, AHA studies show that men were more resilient after a stroke.
A stroke always requires emergency treatment to return blood flow to the brain, either by removing a clot or controlling a bleed. Surgery may be warranted in some instances.
The U.S. National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) reports that in the U.S. alone, more than 6 million men experience depression yearly. Men often don’t show the usual signs of depression, and sometimes downplay emotions that may lead to this mental condition. Men’s Health Network reports men to be four times more likely to commit suicide as a result of depression—and psychiatrists attribute this statistic to men being less likely to openly show depression, making it difficult to recognize and treat. Some men may mask depression with aggression, reckless behavior and even alcohol or substance abuse. Some immerse themselves completely in a particular task, such as work, to avoid talking about the problem.
NIMH ascribes this condition to genetic, biological, environmental and psychological factors. Brain chemicals like serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine have been implicated, and research shows that MRI brain images of those with depression look different from those without it—and further studies are being done to determine what causes this.
Although family history of certain types of depressive disorders like bipolar disorder directly increases the risk of having depression, not all the members of the family with this condition will get it, and a person with no family history can still be diagnosed with it. Researchers identify other risk factors: